트럼프 “내년 실시할 인구조사서 시민권 질문 빠졌다? 가짜뉴스”

Zachary Stieber
2019년 7월 4일 업데이트: 2019년 7월 9일

내년 실시할 미국 인구조사(Census)에서 시민권 보유 여부를 묻는 질문 포함 여부가 이슈로 떠오르고 있다. 미국 상무부는 투표권법 시행에 도움이 된다는 입장인 반면 연방대법원은 근거가 부적절하다고 판결했다. 이러한 상황에 인구조사에서 시민권 유무를 묻는 질문이 제외될 것이라는 보도가 나오자 트럼프 대통령이 ‘가짜뉴스’라고 반박했다.


President Donald Trump said news reports about his administration giving up on its efforts to include a citizenship question on the 2020 census are “fake.”

“The News Reports about the Department of Commerce dropping its quest to put the Citizenship Question on the Census is incorrect or, to state it differently, FAKE!” he wrote on Twitter on July 3.

The president said that the question is important and that his administration is still working on putting it on the census.

“We are absolutely moving forward, as we must, because of the importance of the answer to this question,” Trump added.

Several administration officials said on June 2 that the 2020 census was going to be printed without the question. For instance, Department of Justice spokeswoman Kelly Laco told the left-leaning Associated Press that there would be “no citizenship question on 2020 census.”

The missive came about 12 hours after Trump took to Twitter late June 2 to criticize the Supreme Court ruling that his administration didn’t provide adequate justification for including the question.

“A very sad time for America when the Supreme Court of the United States won’t allow a question of ‘Is this person a Citizen of the United States?’ to be asked on the #2020 Census! Going on for a long time,” he wrote.

Trump said the Departments of Commerce and Justice had been told “to do whatever is necessary” to get the question on the census.

The Supreme Court said in a 5–4 ruling in late June that the administration couldn’t add the question, at least for the time being, claiming its reasoning for wanting to add the question was suspect.

The administration had argued that the question about a person’s citizenship is needed to better enforce a voting rights law, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 (VRA). A group of states including New York, along with immigrant rights organizations, sued to try to prevent the question from being added to the census.

Chief Justice John Roberts joined the four liberal-leaning justices in the decision. Roberts, who authored the majority opinion (pdf), said the administration’s rationale for adding the question was insufficient and described it as “more of a distraction” than an explanation.

“Unlike a typical case in which an agency may have both stated and unstated reasons for a decision, here the VRA enforcement rationale—the sole stated reason—seems to have been contrived,” Roberts wrote in the ruling. “We are presented, in other words, with an explanation for agency action that is incongruent with what the record reveals about the agency’s priorities and decision-making process.”

2020 U.S. Census /Michelle R. Smith/AP Photo

He then added that the court “cannot ignore the disconnect between the decision made and the explanation given.”

Writing the dissenting opinion, Justice Clarence Thomas said that the Supreme Court’s “only role in this case is to decide whether the Secretary complied with the law and gave a reasoned explanation for his decision.”

“Unable to identify any legal problem with the Secretary’s reasoning, the Court imputes one by concluding that he must not be telling the truth,” Thomas wrote.

Trump responded by saying he would seek to delay the census until the issue was resolved.

The citizenship question was part of the census until it was removed in the 1950s. Supporters say the question allows for an accurate count of U.S. citizens while detractors claim the question would lead to illegal immigrants not filling out the census.

(원제: Trump: Stories About Government Dropping Effort to Put Citizenship Question on Census Are ‘Fake’)

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