트럼프, 환경 정책에 대한 자신감 “공기 깨끗해지고 수질 세계 1위”

Ivan Pentchoukov
2019년 7월 9일 업데이트: 2019년 7월 11일

트럼프 대통령이 미국의 수질과 대기질에 대한 자신감을 나타냈다. 연간환경보고서에 따르면, 미국의 대기질은 지난해보다 1%, 1970년대 초반 대비 74% 깨끗해졌다. 수질은 세계 최고 수준이며, 국민 체내 오염물질 입자수는 세계 평균보다 6배 적은 것으로 나타났다.


President Donald Trump on July 8 celebrated the environmental progress made under his administration, days before the release of an annual air quality report that will show the air in the United States has become 1 percent cleaner since 2018 and 74 percent cleaner since the early 1970s.

The president said that the water and air in the United States are cleaner than in any other nation in the world. Environmental officials pointed to progress made on reducing carbon dioxide and methane emissions, cleaning up hazardous waste sites, and removing plastic debris from the world’s oceans.

“Among the heritage we must preserve is our country’s incredible natural splendor. That is the shared obligation that brings us together today,” Trump said.

“From day one, my administration has made it a top priority to ensure that America has among the very cleanest air and cleanest water on the planet. We want the cleanest air. We want crystal clean water. And that’s what we’re doing, and that’s what we’re working on so hard.”

The president noted that the United States is ranked first in the world in terms of access to clean drinking water. In one measure of air quality, the United States has six times fewer pollutant particles than the global average, he noted.

Secretary of Energy Rick Perry and President Donald Trump at the administration’s environment initiative event in the East Room of the White House in Washington on July 8, 2019. (Charlotte Cuthbertson/The Epoch Times)

Trump campaigned on a promise to quit the Paris climate accord and withdrew from the pact a few months after taking office. The president described the accord as “unfair, ineffective, and very very expensive.” His exit from the treaty is representative of the administration’s overall results-focused, America-first approach to environmental policy.

Mary Neumayr, chairwoman of the Council on Environmental Quality, told reporters on July 8 that Trump views a healthy economy as a prerequisite for a clean climate. The resources and advantages derived from a powerful economy can be used to improve the environment, Neumayr said.

“The president recognizes that a strong economy is critical for technology and innovation, for modern resilient infrastructure, and for environmental protection,” Neumayr said. “We want to pursue a strong economy so that we will have the resources to advance technology and innovation, and build more modern and resilient infrastructure, and provide for environmental protection.”

Trump’s critics, aided by establishment media, have attacked the president’s practical approach, accusing him of sacrificing the climate for profits. Despite the accusations, the United States continues a decades-long trend of improving air and water quality.

For example, during the 1970s, only 42 percent of drinking water met quality standards set by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA); today, 92 percent of drinking water meets those standards. All six criteria used to measure air pollution have improved over the decades and continue to under Trump.

“For years, politicians told Americans that a strong economy and a vibrant energy sector were incompatible with a healthy environment. In other words, one thing doesn’t go with the other. And that’s wrong, because we’re proving the exact opposite,” Trump said.

The United States is one of the few industrialized nations to meet the environmental goals set out in the Paris accord even after having quit it. Trump noted that every signatory of the accord lags behind the United States in reducing carbon emissions.

EPA Administrator Andrew Wheeler at President Donald Trump’s environment initiative event in the East Room of the White House in Washington on July 8, 2019. (Charlotte Cuthbertson/The Epoch Times)

“Regardless of whether we’re in the Paris Climate Accord or not, we continue to make progress on that front,” said Andrew Wheeler, the administrator of the EPA. “But the Paris Climate Accord is unfair to the U.S. consumer, U.S. manufacturers, and the U.S. economy.”

The president contrasted his approach with the socialist Green New Deal policy proposal backed by more than 100 House Democrats, which, by one estimate, would cost U.S. taxpayers $93 trillion over the course of a decade. Trump called the price tag “unthinkable” and “not affordable even in the best of time.” The projected total spending for the next 10 years is roughly $60 trillion.

Trump said the Green New Deal would “kill millions of jobs. It’ll crush the dreams of the poorest Americans and disproportionally harm minority communities.”

“I will not stand for it. We will defend the environment but we will also defend American sovereignty, American prosperity, and we will defend American jobs.”

Among other achievements, Trump lauded the progress made by the EPA’s Superfund program to clean up hazardous waste sites. In 2018, the EPA was able to remove 22 Superfund sites from the list of national priorities, the most since 2005.

The administration has also broadened the scope of the Brownfields program, with 40 percent of communities receiving grants for the first time. The Brownfields program directs taxpayer funds to communities for the cleanup of contaminated sites.

Bruce Roebuck, the owner of a bait and tackle business in Port St. Lucie, Fla., speaks at President Donald Trump’s environment initiatives event in the East Room of the White House in Washington on July 8, 2019. (Charlotte Cuthbertson/The Epoch Times)

Bruce Roebuck, the owner of a local bait shop in Florida, took to the podium beside Trump to talk about the impact of the administration’s work on battling toxic algae in Lake Okeechobee. Roebuck has been forced to close his stores several days a week because people were afraid to touch the algae-infested water.

“Your completion of this Herbert Hoover Dike is going to make a tremendous difference,” Roebuck said, describing how the dike will help safely store more water in the lake and prevent fertilizer, contaminants, and algae from going downstream.

(원제: Trump Lauds Environmental Progress Ahead of Clean Air Report)

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