최근 선댄스 영화제에서 심사위원대상을 받은 다큐멘터리 영화 ‘한 자녀 국가(원제: One Child Nation)’의 내용에 사람들은 경악을 금치 못했다. 이는 중국 정부의 ‘한 자녀 정책’을 다룬 영화로, 4억명 희생당하고 여성들은 강제 불임 수술까지 받는 내용 등이 담겼다.
한 자녀 정책은 도시 가정은 자녀 한 명, 시골에는 자녀 두 명만 낳아야 하는 정책으로, 이를 어기면 부부가 직장에서 해고를 당하고 사유재산을 몰수당해야 했다. 임산부는 낙태를 선택해야 했다. 끝까지 이를 거부하는 임산부는 체포 후, 태아에게 독극물을 강제로 주사하는 방법으로 낙태를 당했다. 7, 8, 9개월 된 태아도 이를 피해 가지 못했다.
영화를 본 미국 매체 ‘더 데일리 비스트’ 기자는 “중국은 아동 살해, 납치 등이 빈번히 일어나는 공포의 지역”이라고 표현했다. 관람객들도 어떻게 이런 일이 일어날 수 있는지 믿기 어려워했다.
작가는 1980년대 중국의 이러한 실상을 폭로했다가 당시 재학 중이던 스탠퍼드 박사과정에서 쫓겨났다. 중국 정부의 압력 때문인지는 확인되지 않았지만 교수들은 진실을 밝힌 작가를 비난했다. 스탠퍼드 좌파 성향 교수들은 이 사실을 외면하며 중국을 옹호하며, 35년 동안 중국 공산정권의 잔인한 한 자녀 정책을 못 본 척했다.
현재 중국은 출산율이 곤두박질쳤고 노동 인구는 계속 감소하기 때문에 곧 세계 어느 나라보다 빠르게 고령화 사회로 진입할 것으로 여겨진다. 중국 공산당은 과거에는 문화대혁명, 톈안먼 학살을 일으켰고 오늘날에는 종교박해를 진행하며, 중국의 진보가 아니라 퇴보를 재촉하고 있다.
A new documentary about China’s draconian one-child policy has just been released, and has been greeted with tremendous fanfare from the left. In fact, it won the Grand Jury Prize at this year’s Sundance Film Festival. And thanks to Amazon, it premiered in select theaters on Aug. 9.
Called “One Child Nation,” the documentary details the 35 years of suffering that Chinese women and girls endured under the policy, which ended in 2015.
It’s a story that I am intimately familiar with, as I was in China in 1980 when the policy began. I saw firsthand the brutal way it was enforced by Communist Party officials. The sight of sobbing women being subjected to forced abortions and sterilizations is a vision of hell that I am unlikely to ever forget, not least because I was in the operating room with them—standing only a few feet away from the operating table in shocked disbelief.
Over the years, I have given countless talks, written dozens of articles for publications such as The Wall Street Journal, The Epoch Times, and The Washington Post, written best-selling books, and have appeared on national television—all to highlight the horrors of China’s misguided population-control policy. Many other voices have emerged over time to speak out on behalf of Chinese women and their babies as well. Together, we formed quite a chorus.
For anyone who was paying attention, there was never any doubt about what was happening in China. The policy allowed one child for urban residents, and two children for country folk, with an escalating series of threats and punishment used to enforce these strict limits.
Officials began their campaigns to pressure women and their husbands into abortions by firing them from their jobs, destroying their homes, seizing their livestock and other property, and imposing impossibly steep fines. But those Party officials carrying out this cruel and inhumane policy didn’t stop there.
Pregnant moms who refused to abort were summarily arrested by local Family Planning officials and taken by force to abortuaries, where their unborn children were killed by lethal injection.
To handle the large number of women who were already seven, eight, or even nine months pregnant, Party doctors invented a new crime against humanity: the “Cesarean section abortion.” As the term itself suggests, this entailed opening up women’s bodies like so many tin cans so that their now dead or dying babies could be more easily removed and thrown away. Cases of infanticide—where “illegal” babies were killed by government doctors at birth—were common.
Many of these horrors—although not all—are recounted in “One Child Nation.” But while nothing in the documentary surprised me, it has apparently stunned many progressives. In fact, to judge from the buzz about the film, many on the left seem to be genuinely astonished by the sheer evil of China’s policy, and talk about it as if they were becoming aware of it for the first time.
Nick Schager, for example, writing for The Daily Beast, is so appalled by what he learned from watching the documentary that he can hardly contain himself. “China’s horrifying child-killing policy,” he writes breathlessly, was a “reign of terror” that resulted “in countless abductions, forced abortions, and child deaths.”
The viewers at the Sundance Film Festival were equally taken aback. Pregnant women abducted from their homes by the millions and forcibly aborted? Children killed by the millions at birth, or sold to orphanages to be sold in turn to foreigners? How could this have happened? Such a brave and groundbreaking documentary, they apparently believed, deserved to be widely recognized. Hence the award.
The progressives’ belated awakening to the horrors of the one-child policy is, I suppose, a vindication of sorts for those of us who, at great cost, have sought to expose the policy over the past few decades. As Monica Showalter writes in American Thinker:
“Remember Stanford scholar Steven Mosher? Way back in the 1980s, the man was reviled in scholarly circles for exposing just these brutal realities about China. Instead of being praised for adding to the scholarly body of knowledge, he was abused, slandered, accused of process crimes, and eventually kicked out of his Ph.D. program because he reported the truth about what was happening. This was at the urging of the Chinese government, which wanted all news of its cruelty kept hidden—the lies-violence cycle that Alexander Solzhenitsyn described as so necessary to all totalitarian tyrannies. I recall that controversy back when I was a student studying Chinese history, and my professor (I won’t name him, because, well, I liked him) called Mosher “a rat” because his revelations about China’s forced abortions and human rights violations angered the Chinese communist government and caused it to limit opportunities for scholarly research on China.
“Yet the only thing Mosher was really guilty of was the highest responsibility of a scholar, which was to tell the truth.”
Yet the left—including most of my Stanford faculty colleagues—not only turned a blind eye to the truth, some of them even defended China. How could they ignore the brutality that was China’s one-child policy for 35 long years? How could they defend the indefensible?
Not everyone did, obviously. American pro-life organizations heard the cries of the women of China for help, and sought to aid them in various ways. Pro-life U.S. administrations, beginning with Reagan and ending with Trump, have cut funding to the U.N. Population Fund and other organizations because of their involvement in Beijing’s policy. But the left generally averted its eyes. Why?
Part of the reason is that, when it comes to criticizing the human rights abuses of socialist or communist regimes, leftists are always late to the party. Long after the mass graves begin filling up, they are still inclined to give their fellow socialists a pass. They instinctively understand that “fundamentally transforming” a country into a communist paradise is dirty work, and that “class enemies” who stand in the way of progress and stubbornly refuse to be “transformed” must be gotten out of the way—eliminated—somehow.
In fact, leftists are generally only willing to acknowledge the human rights atrocities of any particular communist regime only after it has collapsed, when the evil that it has committed is laid bare for the whole world to see. Bernie Sanders was still celebrating the Soviet Union as late as 1988, long after its crimes were legend and when it was clearly on its last legs.
The People’s Republic of China still exists, of course, but the one-child policy itself has been quietly abandoned by the Chinese Communist Party. The Party line has shifted, which perhaps explains why leftists have finally decided to break their long silence.
No true progressive would dream of criticizing a socialist country without throwing in a little good-old-fashioned American bashing for “balance”—if only to reassure his leftist friends that he has not abandoned the barricades. This is why Schager’s article in The Daily Beast begins by trashing the United States. “One Child Nation,” he writes, “is a stark reminder that America isn’t the only country where a woman’s right to control her body has been under siege.”
China may treat its women badly, you see, but America is just as deplorable.
What could be as bad as arresting pregnant mothers for the crime of being pregnant, dragging them off to abortion clinics, and holding them down on the operating table while they are aborted and sterilized? Schager doesn’t say. But then he doesn’t have to. His fellow leftists are so united in their hatred of “fascist” America that no explanation is necessary.
One of my former colleagues at Stanford University, the late William Skinner, did once take a stab at explaining why China’s treatment of women is no worse than America’s. “I find the forced abortion of women in the third trimester of pregnancy is repugnant,” he told me after reading my reports on China. “But it is no more repugnant than the refusal of the Reagan administration to fund abortions.”
You would think that a full professor at one of America’s most prestigious universities would be too smart to make such a fundamental error in logic: The principled refusal to participate in homicidal acts by funding them—the Reagan administration’s position—can hardly be equated with state-mandated mass murder practiced by the Chinese Communist Party.
But then we’ve already established that leftism can make you deaf, dumb, and blind.
My biggest complaint about “One Child Nation” is that it fails to adequately address—much less debunk—the one-child policy’s bogus economic rationale.
Party propaganda at the time went into overdrive, warning the Chinese people that too many babies were an existential threat to China’s future. Without a drastic reduction in the birth rate, China would suffer an economic, environmental, and societal collapse so catastrophic that people might even resort to eating each other. One still-credulous old woman assured the filmmakers that, without the one-child policy, “China would have faced famine and potential cannibalism.”
Under the Party’s new policy, however, all would be well. The elimination of large numbers of children would lead to wealth and happiness for those who survived the cut. The god of prosperity would smile upon China, everyone’s standard of living would double, and China itself would recover its national glory.
So it was that, on the orders of the Party, China embarked upon “cannibalism” of a different sort: It began to devour its own children. Babies were the new “class enemies” who stood in the way of socialist progress. Like all such “enemies of the people,” they had to be ruthlessly eliminated, even if this meant forcibly aborting their mothers or killing them at birth.
Fundamentally transforming a country into a communist paradise is, as I said earlier, dirty work.
Over the ensuing three-and-a-half decades, an estimated 400 million children, both born and unborn, were sacrificed to the lie that their deaths were necessary for China’s economy to thrive. It is a lie because it was access to Western markets, capital, and technology, combined with the native entrepreneurial ability and work ethic of the Chinese people, along with their sheer numbers, that has allowed China’s economy to grow over the past few decades.
The truth is that people—especially young people—are an indispensable aid to the economic development of any country over the long term. And the leaders of the Chinese Communist Party, in eliminating 400 million of the most hardworking, intelligent, and business-minded people on the planet, were literally destroying China’s future. It was the wanton destruction of human capital on a scale never before seen in human history.
All this is to say that the one-child policy has not only broken the hearts and spirits of hundreds of millions of Chinese women, it has made China poorer as well.
And as Chinese birth rates continue to plummet, and its work force continues to shrink, an even darker future may be in the offing. China may be entering a decades-long demographic recession, brought on by the devastation of China’s most valuable resource: its people.
The real-world effect of eliminating roughly half of two generations of Chinese young people is the aging and dying population of today. In fact, China is aging more rapidly than any other country in the world. Unlike its Asian competitors—Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan—it will grow old before it grows rich.
This is obviously not the first time that the Chinese Communist Party has compromised China’s future. Each and every one of the massive social engineering programs carried out by the Party—from the People’s Communes of the 1950s, to the Cultural Revolution of the 1960s, to the crackdown that followed the Tiananmen Massacre, to the current vicious persecution of religious believers—have set back China’s real economic and social progress.
Why should anyone with even a passing familiarity with the brutal history of the Party expect the one-child policy to have turned out any differently?
Steven W. Mosher is the president of the Population Research Institute and the author of “Bully of Asia: Why China’s Dream Is the New Threat to World Order.”
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